American Eskimo Dog Breed Profile


The American Eskimo Dog was bred to be a companion animal. Even though it was bred for sled work it is a rarity to see it pulling a sled, much less on a harness of any kind. Believe it or not this breed of dog was used as a circus performer in the early 20th century. Despite its name and look, it isn’t a descendant of the Husky.

Family/Child Friendly

These dogs were bred to be companions, thus they live to be part of the company of humans. They are extremely protective of their family, so they make excellent watchdogs. They have been known to threaten to bite and even bite someone when provoked. The American Eskimo Dog needs lots of love and socialization.

Lifespan and Weight

The average lifespan of the American Eskimo Dog is around 15 years. However, with the advancement of veterinary medicine and proper care, pets have been known to live 20 years or longer. The average weight of this breed of dog is around 19 to 35 lbs.

Common Diseases

Even though this breed can live a very long and productive life, it is not free completely of its share of health problems. Some of these diseases include but are not limited to hip dysplasia, Elbow and Knee degeneration, patellar luxation, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, epilepsy, urinary stones and allergies, especially flea allergies, that can lead to acute moist dermatitis or "hot spots".

Housebreaking and Shedding Factor

The American Eskimo Dog is a moderate shedder, requiring brushing thoroughly once a week if not more often than that. If you shave the Eskie, then try to keep it indoors as much as possible to prevent sunburn. Housebreaking this breed is difficult if not impossible due to the fact that this breed tends to be stubborn and independent.

Best Owner Compatibility

The American Eskimo loves to be loved. It is a high energy breed with a heavy shedding coat. The best type of owner for this breed is someone with a big yard to play and romp in. This breed has a lot of pinned up energy that just needs to get out. This is not the type of dog for the weak and feeble or frail, as this dog tends to be stubborn like its nordic cousins. This is not the type of dog for the apartment/condo dweller, nor for the frequent traveler. If ignored or not played with or socialized, this dog will without a doubt have a lot of behavior issues.

Where to buy

Since many of these animals are impulse bought because owners didn’t do research on the breed, or because they thought they were cute or both, many of them end up abandoned in shelters or sent to rescue groups. Because of this, I recommend that you only get this breed of dog from your animal shelter or rescue groups, not from breeders.

Aggression Factor

These dogs have been known to attack or bite a person when provoked. Be careful with this breed around children until you know exactly how its going to act.

Noise Factor

They tend to bark to announce when strangers approach. Other than that, nothing else is currently documented.

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